Screening Tools

We’ve gathered some of the screening tools used for identifying and addressing social needs in health care settings. To the extent information is available to us, along with the actual tool we provide a brief summary about where and when the tool has been used and links to any existing evidence about it.

Screening Tools Comparison

Yuri CartierCaroline FichtenbergLaura Gottlieb
SIREN has compiled information from several of the most widely used social health screening tools for stakeholders interested in comparing these instruments. The summary tables include information on intended population or setting, domains/topics covered, and number of questions dedicated to each...

The Accountable Health Communities Health-Related Social Needs Screening Tool

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
This tool was developed for use in the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation's Accountable Health Communities (AHC) Model . The original version, published in May 2017, included 10 questions covering five domains: housing instability, food insecurity, transportation difficulties, utility...

PRAPARE: Protocol for Responding to and Assessing Patients’ Assets, Risks and Experiences

NACHCAssociation of Asian Pacific CHOsOregon Primary Care AssociationInstitute for Alternative Futures
The Protocol for Responding to and Assessing Patients’ Assets, Risks, and Experiences (PRAPARE) was developed by NACHC and partners to help health centers and other providers collect the data needed to better understand and act on their patients’ social determinants of health. The PRAPARE...

IOM Recommended Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures for Electronic Health Records

Committee on Recommended Social & Behavioral Domains & Measures for Electronic Health Records
Determinants of health—like physical activity levels and living conditions—have traditionally been the concern of public health and have not been linked closely to clinical practice. However, if standardized social and behavioral data can be incorporated into patient electronic health records (EHRs...

Health Leads Social Needs Screening Toolkit

Health Leads
Drawing on Health Leads' experience and recent federal guidelines, this toolkit provides screening best practices, a questions library, and a sample recommended screening tool for some of the most common unmet social needs: food insecurity, housing instability, utility needs, financial resource...

HealthBegins Upstream Risk Screening Tool

This social needs screening survey contains questions on: education, employment, social support, immigration, financial strain, housing insecurity and quality, food insecurity, transportation, violence exposure, stress, and civic engagement. The survey also includes recommended screening frequency...


WE CARE (Well Child Care, Evaluation, Community Resources, Advocacy, Referral, Education) is a clinic-based screening and referral system developed for pediatric settings. The 12-question WE CARE screening tool assesses needs in 6 domains: parental educational attainment, employment, child care,...

WellRx ToolKit

Janet Page-Reeves, PhDMolly Bleecker, MA
A validated 11-item questionnaire designed to be utilized at every patient visit, covering the domains of food insecurity, housing, utilities, income, employment, transportation, education, substance abuse, child care, safety, and abuse. Questions conform to “low literacy”. The questionnaire is...

IHELP Pediatric Social History Tool

IHELP is a screening tool initially presented by Kenyon et. al. in 2007 as a tool for collecting pediatric social histories. As a result, it includes both household needs (financial strain, insurance, hunger, domestic violence, housing stability and housing conditions) and several child-specific...

SEEK Parent Questionnaire

SEEK, Center for Families
The Safe Environment for Every Kid (SEEK) Parent Questionnaire screens for parental depression, parental substance abuse, harsh punishment, major parental stress, intimate partner (or domestic) violence, and food insecurity. SEEK has been validated for use in primary care practice and is intended...