Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 1 - 10 of 35

Emergency departments as the health safety nets of society: A descriptive and multicenter analysis of social worker support in the emergency room

S. Selby, D. Wang, E. Murray, E. Lang
Cureus

Introduction: Social Work (SW) referrals made in the emergency department (ED) highlight the weaknesses in the existing support system for vulnerable and disadvantaged patients. SW personnel play a pivotal role in some EDs but are not integrated into the team in several jurisdictions.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program size and timing and hypertension-related emergency department claims among Medicaid enrollees

C.O. Ojinnaka, C. Heflin
J Am Soc Hypertens

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a public policy program that aims to reduce food insecurity-a social determinant of health that has been associated with suboptimal blood pressure control in the United States.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Social disconnection among older adults receiving care in the emergency department

D. Kandasamy, T.F. Platts-Mills, M.N. Shah, K.A. Van Orden, M.E. Betz
West J Emerg Med

Introduction: Social disconnection is a public health problem in older adults, as it can lead to decreased quality of life for this population.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Implementation of routine electronic health record-based child abuse screening in general emergency departments

J. Rumball-Smith, J. Fromkin, B. Rsosenthal, D. Shane, J. Skrbin, T. Bimber, R.P. Berger
Child Abuse Negl

Background: Routine childabuse screening is an approach to early identification of abuse. Previous studies evaluated paper-based screens; the widespread use of electronic health records suggests that screening is more likely to succeed if integrated into the electronic record.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Development and evaluation of sexual assault training for emergency department staff in Ontario, Canada

J. Du Mont, S. Solomon, S.D. Kosa, S. Macdonald
Nurse Educ Today

Objective: The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the efficacy of a training in improving competence to address sexual assault among Emergency Department (ED) staff, as well as to compare in-person and online training modalities.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Emergency department experience with novel electronic medical record order for referral to food resources

M.L. Martel, L.R. Klein, K.A. Hager,, D.B. Cutts
West J Emerg Med

Introduction: Food insecurity is a significant issue in the United States and is prevalent in emergency department (ED) patients.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Screening for child abuse by using a checklist and physical examinations in the emergency department led to the detection of more cases

A.H. Teeuw, R.B.J Kraan, R.R. van Rijn, P.M.M. Bossuyt, H.S.A. Heymans
Acta Paediatr

Aim: We studied the accuracy of a screening checklist (SPUTOVAMO), complete physical examination (top-to-toe inspection, TTI) and their combination in detecting child abuse in the emergency department (ED).

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Implementation of a comprehensive program to improve child physical abuse screening and detection in the emergency department

S.M. Carson
J Emerg Nurs

Introduction: Children often present to the emergency department for treatment of abuse-related injuries. ED providers-including emergency nurses-do not consistently screen children for abuse, which may allow abuse to go undetected and increases the risk for reinjury and death.

Publication Year:

2018

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Intimate partner violence educational materials in the acute care setting: Acceptability and impact on female caregiver attitudes toward screening

K.A. Randell, A. Sherman, I. Walsh, D. O'Malley, M.D. Dowd
Pediatr Emerg Care

Objectives: This study aimed to determine acceptability of intimate partner violence (IPV) materials and effect of the materials on caregiver attitudes toward IPV screening.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Reducing emergency room visits and in-hospitalizations by implementing best practice for transitional care using innovative technology and big data

S. Hewner, S.S. Sullivan, G. Yu
Worldviews Evid Based Nurs

Background: Efforts to improve care transitions require coordination across the healthcare continuum and interventions that enhance communication between acute and community settings.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design