Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 18

Identifying social-behavioral health needs of adults with sickle cell disease in the Emergency Department

Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a complex illness with many social-behavioral co-morbidities. The aim of this project was to describe unmet social-behavioral health needs for adults with SCD who presented to the emergency department for treatment of vaso-occlusive episodes (VOEs).

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational, Qualitative

Diagnostic accuracy of two food insecurity screeners recommended for use in health care settings

J.A. Makelarski, E. Abramsohn, J.H. Benjamin, S. Du, S.T. Lindau

Objectives: To test the diagnostic accuracy of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended food insecurity screener.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

The Highland Health Advocates: A preliminary evaluation of a novel programme addressing the social needs of emergency department patients

L.I. Losonczy, D. Hsieh, M. Wang , C. Hahn, T. Trivedi, M. Rodriguez, J. Fahimi, H. Alter

Objectives: Patients commonly come to the emergency department (ED) with social needs.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

The monthly cycle of hypoglycemia: An observational claims-based study of emergency room visits, hospital admissions, and costs in a commercially insured population

S. Basu, S.A. Berkowitz, H. Seligman

Background: Multipayer initiatives have sought to address social determinants of health, such as food insecurity, by linking primary care patients to social services. It remains unclear whether such social determinants contribute to avoidable short-term health care costs.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Ready, willing and able? A survey of clinicians' perceptions about domestic violence screening in a regional hospital emergency department

E. Saberi, N. Eather, S. Pascoe, M.L. McFadzean, F. Doran, M. Hutchinson

Background: Domestic violence (DV) has significant health impacts for victims and their families. Despite evidence that routine screening increases the identification of DV and opportunities for support; routine screening is uncommon in Australian emergency departments (EDs).

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Feasibility and acceptability of a colocated homeless-tailored primary care clinic and emergency department

S. Gabrielian, J.C. Chen, P. Minhaj, R. Manchanda, L. Altman, E. Koosis, L. Gelberg

OBJECTIVES: Homeless adults have low primary care engagement and high emergency department (ED) utilization. Homeless-tailored, patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) decrease this population's acute care use.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Effects of social needs screening and in-person service navigation on child health: A randomized clinical trial

L.M. Gottlieb, D. Hessler, D. Long, E. Laves, A.R. Burns, A. Amaya, P. Sweeney, C. Schudel, N.E. Adler

Importance: Social determinants of health shape both children's immediate health and their lifetime risk for disease. Increasingly, pediatric health care organizations are intervening to address family social adversity.

Publication Year:

2016

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

Community asthma initiative to improve health outcomes and reduce disparities among children with asthma

E.R. Woods, U. Bhaumik, S.J. Sommer, E. Chan, L. Tsopelas, E.W. Fleegler, M. Lorenzi, E.M. Klements, D.U. Dickerson, S. Nethersole, R. Dulin

Black and Hispanic children are hospitalized with complications of asthma at much higher rates than white children.

Publication Year:

2016

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Study Design:

Case Study, Other Experimental Design

More than just meds: National survey of providers’ perceptions of patients’ social, economic, environmental, and legal needs and their effect on emergency department utilization

L.I. Losonczy, D. Hsieh, C. Hahn, J. Fahimi, H. Alter

Introduction: Emergency departments (EDs) are the safety net for millions of patients who need to access care. Many of these patients have social needs that may influence their healthcare.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

A randomized trial on screening for social determinants of health: The iScreen study

L. Gottlieb, D. Hessler, D. Long, A. Amaya, N. Adler

Background: There is growing interest in clinical screening for pediatric social determinants of health, but little evidence on formats that maximize disclosure rates on a wide range of potentially sensitive topics.

Publication Year:

2014

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)