Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 1 - 10 of 46

Complete Eats: Summer meals offered by the emergency department for food insecurity

D. Cullen, A. Blauch, M. Mirth, J. Fein
Pediatrics

More than 21 million low-income children rely on free or reduced-price meals during the school year. The US Department of Agriculture Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) provides meals to children during the summer months, but these programs are underused.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Case Study

Transportation preferences of patients discharged from the emergency department in the era of ridesharing apps

A. Tomar, S.S. Ganesh, J.R. Richards
Emerg Med

Introduction: Patients discharged from the emergency department (ED) may encounter difficulty finding transportation home, increasing length of stay and ED crowding.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Community health workers in the emergency department-can they help with chronic hypertension care

B. Foster, K. Dawood, C. Pearson, J. Manteuffel
Curr Hypertens Rep

Purpose of review: To review community health worker (CHW) interventions tailored for hypertension management and to determine if the emergency department (ED) population would benefit from such interventions.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Effects of a transitional care practice for a vulnerable population: A pragmatic, randomized comparative effectiveness trial

D.T. Liss, R.T. Ackermann, A. Cooper, E.A. Finch, C. Hurt, N. Lancki, A. Rogers, A. Sheth, C. Teter, C. Schaeffer
J Gen Intern Med

Background: There is limited experimental evidence on transitional care interventions beyond 30 days post-discharge and in vulnerable populations.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Interventions to decrease use in prehospital and emergency care settings among super-utilizers in the united states: A systematic review

S. Iovan, P.M. Lantz, K. Allan, M. Abir
Med Care Res Rev

Interest in high users of acute care continues to grow as health care organizations look to deliver cost-effective and high-quality care to patients.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

A 60-second survey to identify patients’ unmet social needs

S.R. Reves, J.P. O’Neal, M.M. Gonzalez, C. McHenry, M. Favour, R.S. Etz
Ann Fam Med

The connection between poor social determinants of health and high utilization of health care is well established. The use of emergency departments for illnesses manageable within the community is common, as are hospitalizations due to preventable disease complications.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Homeless status documentation at a metropolitan hospital emergency department

S.J. Lee, P. Thomas, H. Newnham, J. Freidin, C. Smith, J. Lowthian, F. Borghmans, R.A. Gocentas, D. De Silva, S. Stafrace
Emerg Med Australas

Objective: This study compared the prevalence of homelessness in consecutive patients presenting to a metropolitan hospital ED measured via a prospective housing screen with the prevalence of homelessness determined via retrospective audit of hospital data.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

CommunityRx: A real-world controlled clinical trial of a scalable, low-intensity community resource referral intervention

S.T. Lindau, J.A. Makelarski, E.M. Abramsohn, D.G. Beiser, K. Boyd, C. Chou, M. Giurcanu, E.S. Huang, C. Liao, L.P. Schumm, E.L Tung
Am J Public Health

Objectives: To test the effect of CommunityRx, a scalable, low-intensity intervention that matches patients to community resources on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) (primary outcome), physical HRQOL, and confidence in finding resources.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

A qualitative study examining stakeholder perspectives of a local child abuse program in community emergency departments

G. Tiyyagura, P. Schaeffer, M. Gawel, J.M. Leventhal, M. Auerbach, A.G. Asnes
Acad Pediatr

Objectives: Emergency Department (ED) providers may fail to recognize or report child abuse and/or neglect (CAN).

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative

Universal intimate-partner violence assessment in the pediatric emergency department and urgent care setting: A retrospective review

M. Litzau, M. Denise Dowd, J. Stallbaumer-Rouyer, M.K. Miller, K.A. Randell
Pediatr Emerg Care

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine universal intimate-partner violence (IPV) assessment in the pediatric acute care setting.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational