Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 1 - 10 of 42

Interventions to decrease use in prehospital and emergency care settings among super-utilizers in the united states: A systematic review

S. Iovan, P.M. Lantz, K. Allan, M. Abir
Med Care Res Rev

Interest in high users of acute care continues to grow as health care organizations look to deliver cost-effective and high-quality care to patients.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

A 60-second survey to identify patients’ unmet social needs

S.R. Reves, J.P. O’Neal, M.M. Gonzalez, C. McHenry, M. Favour, R.S. Etz
Ann Fam Med

The connection between poor social determinants of health and high utilization of health care is well established. The use of emergency departments for illnesses manageable within the community is common, as are hospitalizations due to preventable disease complications.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Homeless status documentation at a metropolitan hospital emergency department

S.J. Lee, P. Thomas, H. Newnham, J. Freidin, C. Smith, J. Lowthian, F. Borghmans, R.A. Gocentas, D. De Silva, S. Stafrace
Emerg Med Australas

Objective: This study compared the prevalence of homelessness in consecutive patients presenting to a metropolitan hospital ED measured via a prospective housing screen with the prevalence of homelessness determined via retrospective audit of hospital data.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

CommunityRx: A real-world controlled clinical trial of a scalable, low-intensity community resource referral intervention

S.T. Lindau, J.A. Makelarski, E.M. Abramsohn, D.G. Beiser, K. Boyd, C. Chou, M. Giurcanu, E.S. Huang, C. Liao, L.P. Schumm, E.L Tung
Am J Public Health

Objectives: To test the effect of CommunityRx, a scalable, low-intensity intervention that matches patients to community resources on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) (primary outcome), physical HRQOL, and confidence in finding resources.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

A qualitative study examining stakeholder perspectives of a local child abuse program in community emergency departments

G. Tiyyagura, P. Schaeffer, M. Gawel, J.M. Leventhal, M. Auerbach, A.G. Asnes
Acad Pediatr

Objectives: Emergency Department (ED) providers may fail to recognize or report child abuse and/or neglect (CAN).

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative

Universal intimate-partner violence assessment in the pediatric emergency department and urgent care setting: A retrospective review

M. Litzau, M. Denise Dowd, J. Stallbaumer-Rouyer, M.K. Miller, K.A. Randell
Pediatr Emerg Care

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine universal intimate-partner violence (IPV) assessment in the pediatric acute care setting.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Food for thought: A randomized trial of food insecurity screening in the emergency department

D. Cullen, A. Woodford, J. Fein
Acad Pediatr

Background/Objective: Although there is growing interest in screening for food insecurity in the clinical setting, little evidence exists regarding screening formats that maximize disclosure and caregiver comfort.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

Screening for child abuse by using a checklist and physical examinations in the emergency department led to the detection of more cases

A.H. Teeuw, R.B.J Kraan, R.R. van Rijn, P.M.M. Bossuyt, H.S.A. Heymans
Acta Paediatr

Aim: We studied the accuracy of a screening checklist (SPUTOVAMO), complete physical examination (top-to-toe inspection, TTI) and their combination in detecting child abuse in the emergency department (ED).

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Emergency departments as the health safety nets of society: A descriptive and multicenter analysis of social worker support in the emergency room

S. Selby, D. Wang, E. Murray, E. Lang
Cureus

Introduction: Social Work (SW) referrals made in the emergency department (ED) highlight the weaknesses in the existing support system for vulnerable and disadvantaged patients. SW personnel play a pivotal role in some EDs but are not integrated into the team in several jurisdictions.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program size and timing and hypertension-related emergency department claims among Medicaid enrollees

C.O. Ojinnaka, C. Heflin
J Am Soc Hypertens

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a public policy program that aims to reduce food insecurity-a social determinant of health that has been associated with suboptimal blood pressure control in the United States.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational