Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 19

The monthly cycle of hypoglycemia: An observational claims-based study of emergency room visits, hospital admissions, and costs in a commercially insured population

S. Basu, S.A. Berkowitz, H. Seligman

BACKGROUND: Multipayer initiatives have sought to address social determinants of health, such as food insecurity, by linking primary care patients to social services. It remains unclear whether such social determinants contribute to avoidable short-term health care costs.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Case study: Johns Hopkins Community Health Partnership: A model for transformation

S.A. Berkowitz, P. Brown, D.J. Brotman, A. Deutschendorf, L. Dunbar, A. Everett, D. Hickman, E. Howell, L. Purnell, C. Sylvester, R. Zollinger, M. Bellantoni, S.C. Durso, C. Lyketsos, P. Rothman, J-CHiP Program

To address the challenging health care needs of the population served by an urban academic medical center, we developed the Johns Hopkins Community Health Partnership (J-CHiP), a novel care coordination program that provides services in homes, community clinics, acute care hospitals, emergency...

Publication Year:

2016

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Case Study

Caregiver opinion of in-hospital screening for unmet social needs by pediatric residents

J.D. Colvin, J.L. Bettenhausen, K.D. Anderson-Carpenter, V. Collie-Akers, P.J. Chung

OBJECTIVE: Child health is strongly influenced by social determinants. Little is known about the opinions of primary caregivers regarding the physicians' role in addressing social needs.

Publication Year:

2016

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Hospital- and community-based interventions enhancing (re)employment for people with spinal cord injury: A systematic review

E.H. Roels, B. Aertgeerts, D. Ramaekers, K. Peers

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic Review.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of interventions enhancing (re)employment following spinal cord injury (SCI).

SETTING: Studies from multiple countries were included.

Publication Year:

2016

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Multiple behavior change intervention to improve detection of unmet social needs and resulting resource referrals

J.D. Colvin, J.L. Bettenhausen, K.D. Anderson-Carpenter, V. Collie-Akers, L. Plencner, M. Krager, B. Nelson, S. Donnelly, J. Simmons, V. Higinio, P.J. Chung

OBJECTIVE: It is critical that pediatric residents learn to effectively screen families for active and addressable social needs (ie, negative social determinants of health).

Publication Year:

2016

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Medical-legal strategies to improve infant health care: a randomized trial

R. Sege, G. Preer, S.J. Morton, H. Cabral, O. Morakinyo, V. Lee, C. Abreu, E. De Vos, M. Kaplan-Sanoff

BACKGROUND: Changes in health care delivery create opportunities to improve systems to better meet the needs of low-income families while achieving quality benchmarks.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

Patient-centered community health worker intervention to improve posthospital outcomes: a randomized clinical trial

S. Kangovi, N. Mitra, D. Grande, M.L. White, S. McCollum, J. Sellman, R.P. Shannon, J.A. Long

IMPORTANCE Socioeconomic and behavioral factors can negatively influence posthospital outcomes among patients of low socioeconomic status (SES). Traditional hospital personnel often lack the time, skills, and community linkages required to address these factors.

Publication Year:

2014

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

Connecting at-risk inpatient asthmatics to a community-based program to reduce home environmental risks: care system redesign using quality improvement methods

A.F. Beck, J.M. Simmons, H.S. Sauers, K. Sharkey, M. Alam, C. Jones, R.S. Kahn

INTRODUCTION: Connecting patients admitted with asthma to community-based services could improve care and more efficiently allocate resources. We sought to develop and evaluate an intervention to mitigate in-home environmental hazards (eg, pests, mold) for such children.

Publication Year:

2013

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

The impact of critical time intervention in reducing psychiatric rehospitalization after hospital discharge

A. Tomita, D.B. Herman

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the impact of critical time intervention (CTI) in reducing rehospitalization among formerly homeless individuals with severe and persistent mental illness after discharge from inpatient psychiatric treatment.

Publication Year:

2012

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

Addressing social determinants to improve healthcare quality and reduce cost

S. R. Roberts, J. Crigler, W. E. Lafferty, A. J. Bonham, J. L. Hunter, A. J. Smith, J. W. Banderas, G. L. Early, R. K. King
Most healthcare quality improvement and cost reduction efforts currently focus on care processes, or transitions-for example, the hospital discharge process.

Publication Year:

2012

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative, Other Experimental Design