Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 1 - 10 of 26

An interprofessional urban health elective focused on the social determinants of health

A. Pinto, M. To, A. Rucchetto, M. Sharma, K. Rouleau
Can Med Educ J.

Background: More than half of the world's population now lives in cities. Health professionals should understand how social factors and processes in urban spaces determine individual and population health.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

How equity-oriented health care affects health: Key mechanisms and implications for primary health care practice and policy

M. Ford-Gilboe, C.N. Wathen, C. Varcoe, C. Herbert, B.E. Jackson, J.G. Lavoie, B.B. Pauly, N.A. Perrin, V. Smye, B. Wallace, S.T. Wong, A.J. Browne
Milbank Q

Policy Points A consensus regarding the need to orient health systems to address inequities is emerging, with much of this discussion targeting population health interventions and indicators. We know less about applying these approaches to primary health care.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Developing a screening tool to recognise social determinants of health in Australian clinical settings

K. Browne-Yung, T. Freeman, M. Battersby, D.R. McEvoy, F. Baum
Public Health Res Pract

Objective and importance of study: The importance of social determinants for individual health recovery outcomes is well recognised in public health. However, no succinct social health screening (SHS) tool exists that has been developed with information from clinicians and patients.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative

The effects of five social determinants on the health of children with chronic diseases in British Columbia

M. Seear, S. Amed, J. Dionne, C. Yang, K. Tourigny, A. Alanna De Mello, Z. Hamilton, B. Garcia Espinosa
Pediatrics & Child Health

Background: Prior to introducing social needs screening into our subspecialty clinics, we first wanted to understand the health effects of the major social challenges facing children with chronic diseases in British Columbia.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Development and evaluation of sexual assault training for emergency department staff in Ontario, Canada

J. Du Mont, S. Solomon, S.D. Kosa, S. Macdonald
Nurse Educ Today

Objective: The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the efficacy of a training in improving competence to address sexual assault among Emergency Department (ED) staff, as well as to compare in-person and online training modalities.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Cost-effectiveness of a domestic violence and abuse training and support programme in primary care in the real world: Updated modelling based on an MRC phase IV observational pragmatic implementation study

E.C. Barbosa, T.I. Verhoef, S. Morris, F. Solmi, M. Johnson, A. Sohal, F. El-Shogri, S. Dowrick, C. Ronalds, C. Griffiths, S. Eldridge, N.V. Lewis, A. Devine, A. Spencer, G. Feder
BMJ Open

Objectives: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the implementation of the Identification and Referral to Improve Safety (IRIS) programme using up-to-date real-world information on costs and effectiveness from routine clinical practice.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Modeling

Physician experiences and barriers to addressing the social determinants of health in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A qualitative research study

L. Girgis, G. Van Gurp, D. Zakus, A. Andermann
BMC Health Serv Res

Background: While it is increasingly recognized that social determinants influence the health of patients and populations, little is known about how doctors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region can help their patients with these issues.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative

Loneliness in Chinese older adults in primary care: Prevalence and correlates.

B.L. Zhong, X.J. Liu, W.C. Chen, H.F. Chiu, Y. Conwell
Psychogeriatrics

Background: Loneliness is a significant public health concern among older adults (OA) given its association with a wide range of adverse health outcomes. Primary care is an opportune setting to manage loneliness.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Continuous quality improvement and comprehensive primary health care: A systems framework to improve service quality and health outcomes

J. McCalman, R. Bailie, R. Bainbridge, K. McPhail-Bell, N. Percival, D. Askew, R. Fagan, K. Tsey
Front Public Health

Continuous quality improvement (CQI) processes for improving clinical care and health outcomes have been implemented by primary health-care services, with resultant health-care impacts.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Commentary

Evaluating the effects of a targeted home visiting program on maternal and child health outcomes

M. Sandner, T. Cornelissen, T. Jungmann, P. Herrmann
J Health Econ

We evaluate the effects of home visiting targeted towards disadvantaged first-time mothers on maternal and child health outcomes. Our analysis exploits a randomized controlled trial and combines rich longitudinal survey data with unique administrative health data.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)