Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 1 - 10 of 661

Identifying food insecurity in health care settings: A systematic scoping review of the evidence

E.H. De Marchis, J.M. Torres, C. Fichtenberg, L.M. Gottlieb
Fam Community Health

This systematic scoping review explores evidence on food insecurity (FI) screening measures, acceptability, and program implementation in health care settings. Validation studies on brief screening tools suggest that instruments exist that adequately measure the construct of FI.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Incorporating Social Determinants of Health in Electronic Health Records: A Qualitative Study of Perspectives on Current Practices among Top Vendors

M. Freij, P. Dullabh, L. Hovey, J. Leonard, A. Card, R. Dhopeshwarkar
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Health Policy

Background: Social determinants of health (SDH) are increasingly seen as important to understanding patient health and identifying appropriate interventions to improve health outcomes, in what is a complex interplay between health system, community, and individual level factors.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Study Design:

Qualitative

Complexities of addressing food insecurity in an urban population

D. Swavely, V. Whyte, J.F. Steiner, S.L. Freeman
Popul Health Manag

There is an association between food insecurity, poor health outcomes, and increased health care spending. The Temple Food Insecurity Program was initiated to screen patients for food insecurity as part of the post Temple University Hospital discharge process.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational, Qualitative

A screening tool to detect childhood abuse in clinical settings

A. Shakil, P.G. Day, J. Chu, S.B. Woods, K. Bridges
Fam Med

Background and Objectives: Though child abuse is prevalent and detrimental, health care providers fail to screen for abuse at sufficient rates to detect or preempt events. Current child abuse screening tools lack brevity and usefulness in clinical settings.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Effects of a community-based care management model for super-utilizers

P. Sevak, C.N. Stepanczuk, K. W. V. Bradley, T. Day, G. Peterson, B. Gilman, L. Blue, K. Kranker, K. Stewart, L. Moreno
Am J Manag Care

Objectives: Medicare, Medicaid, and commercial plans have all explored ways to improve outcomes for patients with high costs and complex medical and social needs.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Emergency departments as the health safety nets of society: A descriptive and multicenter analysis of social worker support in the emergency room

S. Selby, D. Wang, E. Murray, E. Lang
Cureus

Introduction: Social Work (SW) referrals made in the emergency department (ED) highlight the weaknesses in the existing support system for vulnerable and disadvantaged patients. SW personnel play a pivotal role in some EDs but are not integrated into the team in several jurisdictions.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Accuracy and acceptability of a screening tool for identifying intimate partner violence perpetration among women veterans: A pre-implementation evaluation

G.A. Portnoy, S.G. Haskell, M.W. King, R. Maskin, M.R. Gerber, K.M. Iverson
Womens Health Issues

Objectives: Veterans are at heightened risk for perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV), yet there is limited evidence to inform practice and policy for the detection of IPV perpetration.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Association between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation and cost-related medication nonadherence among older adults with diabetes

J.A. Pooler, M. Srinivasan
JAMA Intern Med

Importance: Understanding if the association of social programs with health care access and utilization, especially among older adults with costly chronic medical conditions, can help in improving strategies for self-management of disease.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

An interprofessional urban health elective focused on the social determinants of health

A. Pinto, M. To, A. Rucchetto, M. Sharma, K. Rouleau
Can Med Educ J.

Background: More than half of the world's population now lives in cities. Health professionals should understand how social factors and processes in urban spaces determine individual and population health.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program size and timing and hypertension-related emergency department claims among Medicaid enrollees

C.O. Ojinnaka, C. Heflin
J Am Soc Hypertens

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a public policy program that aims to reduce food insecurity-a social determinant of health that has been associated with suboptimal blood pressure control in the United States.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational