Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

Displaying 31 - 40 of 322

Ready, willing and able? A survey of clinicians' perceptions about domestic violence screening in a regional hospital emergency department

E. Saberi, N. Eather, S. Pascoe, M.L. McFadzean, F. Doran, M. Hutchinson

BACKGROUND: Domestic violence (DV) has significant health impacts for victims and their families. Despite evidence that routine screening increases the identification of DV and opportunities for support; routine screening is uncommon in Australian emergency departments (EDs).

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Improving access to evidence-based antipoverty government programs in the United States: A novel primary care initiative

M.K. Hole, L.E. Marcil, R.J. Vinci

The US government acknowledges the struggle of low-income, working families raising children by providing the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a program repeatedly shown to improve child health but largely overlooked by the pediatrics community.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Incorporating patients' social determinants of health into hypertension and depression care: A pilot randomized controlled trial

H.F. McClintock, H.R. Bogner

The objective of this study was to carry out a randomized controlled pilot trial to test the effectiveness of an integrated intervention for hypertension and depression incorporating patients' social determinants of health (enhanced intervention) versus an integrated intervention alone (basic...

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

National Academy of Medicine social and behavioral measures: Associations with self-reported health

A.A. Prather, L.M. Gottlieb, N.B. Giuse, T.Y. Koonce, S.V. Kusnoor, W.W. Stead, N.E. Adler

INTRODUCTION: Social and behavioral factors play important roles in physical and mental health; however, they are not routinely assessed in the healthcare system.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Food insecurity screening in pediatric primary care: Can offering referrals help identify families in need?

C.J. Bottino, E.T. Rhodes, J.E. Cox, E.W. Fleegler

OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical approach for food insecurity screening incorporating a menu offering food-assistance referrals, and to examine relationships between food insecurity and referral selection.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Feasibility and acceptability of a colocated homeless-tailored primary care clinic and emergency department

S. Gabrielian, J.C. Chen, P. Minhaj, R. Manchanda, L. Altman, E. Koosis, L. Gelberg

OBJECTIVES: Homeless adults have low primary care engagement and high emergency department (ED) utilization. Homeless-tailored, patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) decrease this population's acute care use.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Exploring food insecurity screening and referral practices of pediatric providers in metropolitan Washington, DC

K. Essel, M.P. Burke, M. Weissman, W. Dietz

Objectives: In 2015, 16.6% of households with children were food insecure in the United States (US). Given that most children in the US routinely see a pediatrician, it is important to understand how pediatric providers screen and treat food insecurity in their practice.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Hospital readmission and social risk factors identified from physician notes

A.S. Navathe, F. Zhong, V.J. Lei, F.Y. Chang, M. Sordo, M. Topaz, S.B. Navathe, R.A. Rocha, L. Zhou

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of seven social factors using physician notes as compared to claims and structured electronic health records (EHRs) data and the resulting association with 30-day readmissions.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

A roadmap of Medicaid prevention pathways

D.I. Chang, J. Bonney, A. Steinberg, L. Gilmore

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation awarded Nemours a one-year grant to explore and promote the use of existing Medicaid authority to support prevention.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Interprofessional medical-legal education of medical students: Assessing the benefits for addressing social determinants of health

R. Pettignano, L. Bliss, S. McLaren, S. Caley

PROBLEM: Screening tools exist to help identify patient issues related to social determinants of health (SDH), but solutions to many of these problems remain elusive to health care providers as they require legal solutions.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design