Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 341 - 350 of 541

Making the social determinants of health a routine part of medical care

N. Nuruzzaman, M. Broadwin, K. Kourouma, D.P. Olson
J Health Care Poor Underserved

Though the ethical and clinical imperatives to address social and economic factors in the healthcare setting are appreciated by many, screening for conditions takes time, and the reality of limited time competes with the urgency of a clinic visit.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Case Study

Food insecurity and the burden of health-related social problems in an urban youth population

T.E. Baer, E.A. Scherer, E.W. Fleegler, A. Hassan
J Adolesc Health

Purpose: Our study objectives were to (1) determine the prevalence of food insecurity; (2) examine the association between presence and level of food insecurity with other health-related social problems; and (3) assess the predictive values of a two-item food insecurity screen in an urban youth...

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Proactive tobacco cessation outreach to smokers of low socioeconomic status: A randomized clinical trial

J.S. Haas, J.A. Linder, E.R. Park, I. Gonzalez, N.A. Rigotti, E.V. Klinger, E.Z. Kontos, A.M. Zaslavsky, P. Brawarsky, L.X. Marinacci, S. St Hubert, E.W. Fleegler, D.R. Williams
JAMA Intern Med

Importance: Widening socioeconomic disparities in mortality in the United States are largely explained by slower declines in tobacco use among smokers of low socioeconomic status (SES) than among those of higher SES, which points to the need for targeted tobacco cessation interventions.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

Housing First impact on costs and associated cost offsets: A review of the literature

A. Ly, E. Latimer
Can J Psychiatry

Objective: Housing First (HF) programs for people who are chronically or episodically homeless, combining rapid access to permanent housing with community-based, integrated treatment, rehabilitation and support services, are rapidly expanding in North America and Europe.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Addressing social determinants of health at well child care visits: A cluster RCT

A. Garg, S. Toy, Y. Tripodis, M. Silverstein, E. Freeman
Pediatrics

Objective: To evaluate the effect of a clinic-based screening and referral system (Well Child Care, Evaluation, Community Resources, Advocacy, Referral, Education [WE CARE]) on families' receipt of community-based resources for unmet basic needs.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

Food insecurity: What is the clinician's role?

S.A. Berkowitz, G.E. Fabreau
CMAJ

Food insecurity is a common problem, associated with both poor health and increased health care costs.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Commentary

A road map to address the social determinants of health through community collaboration

A.W. Henize, A.F. Beck, M.D. Klein, M. Adams, R.S. Kahn
Pediatrics

Economic, environmental, and psychosocial needs are common and wide-ranging among families cared for in primary care settings. Still, pediatric care delivery models are not set up to systematically address these fundamental risks to health.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Commentary

Feed first, ask questions later: Alleviating and understanding caregiver food insecurity in an urban children's hospital

J.A. Makelarski, D. Thorngren, S.T. Lindau
Am J Public Health

Objectives: We estimated the prevalence of caregiver hospital food insecurity (defined as not getting enough to eat during a child's hospitalization), examined associations between food insecurity and barriers to food access, and propose a conceptual framework to inform remedies to this problem...

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Three emerging challenges for sustained payment and delivery system reform

M. Bailit, M. Houy, B. Waldman
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

In October 2014, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) convened grantees and a diverse group of faculty to continue exploration of payment reform design and implementation issues.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Patients in context--EHR capture of social and behavioral determinants of health

N.E. Adler, W.W. Stead
N Engl J Med

Although social and behavioral factors influence health and mortality, such determinants are often ignored in clinical practice. A few, such as smoking and alcohol use, are commonly assessed by primary care physicians, but many others may be viewed as outside the scope of medical practice.

Publication Year:

2015

Resource Type:

Commentary