Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 62

For super-utilizers, integrated care offers a new path

B. Vaida

Many health systems continue to experiment with the best way to care for those patients who end up in the hospital most frequently.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Universal v. risk-based screening for food insecurity

J.F. Steiner, C. Zeng

In this letter to the editor, the authors discuss ethical and practical considerations of risk-based versus universal screening for food insecurity, highlighting the high false positive rates that would result from universal screening in low food insecurity populations.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Building Baltimore’s Accountable Health Community

S. Sarkar, D. O’Neill, L.S. Wen

While 96% of health care costs are spent on medical care delivered in hospitals, only 10% of what drives health outcomes is attributable to clinical care. This is markedly true in Baltimore, which is home to some of the best health care institutions in the country.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Mapping neighborhood health geomarkers to clinical care decisions to promote equity in child health

A.F. Beck, M.T. Sandel, P.H. Ryan, R.S. Kahn

Health disparities, which can be understood as disadvantages in health associated with one’s social, racial, economic, or physical environment, originate in childhood and persist across an individual’s life course. One’s neighborhood may drive or influence these disparities.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Clinic-to-community models to address food insecurity

E. Barnidge, S. Stenmark, H. Seligman

Food insecurity (FI)—unreliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food—is a social and economic condition with direct and indirect consequences, including poor dietary intake, poor physical and mental health, hospitalizations, stress, reduced academic achievement, and...

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Standardized screening for health-related social needs in clinical settings: The Accountable Health Communities Screening Tool

A. Billioux, K. Verlander, S. Anthony, D. Alley

The impacts of unmet health-related social needs, such as homelessness, inconsistent access to food, and exposure to violence on health and health care utilization, are well-established.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Evaluating complex care programs: Is it a zero-sum game?

M.C. Raven, I. Romm, T. Ajayi

Complex populations in health care are often defined as groups of individuals with co-occurring medical and behavioral health diagnoses as well as significant social challenges.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Bridging the divide: Supplementing payment reform to promote needed investments in population health

T. McGinnis

This installment of the Payment Reform for Population Health blog series focuses on limitations in payment reform and ideas for the creation of the right incentives for population health investments.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Improving access to evidence-based antipoverty government programs in the United States: A novel primary care initiative

M.K. Hole, L.E. Marcil, R.J. Vinci

The US government acknowledges the struggle of low-income, working families raising children by providing the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a program repeatedly shown to improve child health but largely overlooked by the pediatrics community.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

A roadmap of Medicaid prevention pathways

D.I. Chang, J. Bonney, A. Steinberg, L. Gilmore

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation awarded Nemours a one-year grant to explore and promote the use of existing Medicaid authority to support prevention.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report