Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 68

Information sharing in Medical-Legal Partnerships: Foundational concepts and resources

J. Hyatt Thorpe, L. Cartwright-Smith, E. Gray, M. Mongeon

This brief is intended for use by participants in Medical-Legal Partnerships (MLPs) as an overview and analysis of the legal issues relevant to interdisciplinary information sharing.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Effective care for high-needs patients: Opportunities for improving outcomes, value, and health

P. Long, M. Abrams, A. Milstein, G. Anderson, K. Lewis Apton, M. Lund Dahlberg, D. Whicher

Today, the top 1 percent of patients account for more than 20 percent of health care expenditures, and the top 5 percent account for nearly half of the nation’s spending on health care.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Study Design:

Review

Leveraging technology to find solutions to patients’ unmet social needs

S. Klein, M. Hostetter

Just as Yelp enables people to find and rate restaurants willing to deliver Chinese food at 2 a.m., several technology vendors are helping health care providers and their patients find local resources such as food banks and housing agencies and evaluate their effectiveness.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

In focus: Creating pathways and partnerships to address patients’ social needs

M. Hostetter, S. Klein

Although health care professionals have long understood that social factors, including food insecurity and unstable housing, have an outsized effect on health, many have lacked the resources and financial incentives to intervene.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Replicating effective models of complex care management for older adults

K. Coburn, C. Grinberg, S. Demuynck, M. Hawthorne

Improving our system of care for older adults with complex, chronic illnesses requires wrestling with a vexing dilemma. Models of care that are readily scalable have limited effectiveness, and effective models are difficult to scale.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

For super-utilizers, integrated care offers a new path

B. Vaida

Many health systems continue to experiment with the best way to care for those patients who end up in the hospital most frequently.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Universal v. risk-based screening for food insecurity

J.F. Steiner, C. Zeng

In this letter to the editor, the authors discuss ethical and practical considerations of risk-based versus universal screening for food insecurity, highlighting the high false positive rates that would result from universal screening in low food insecurity populations.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Building Baltimore’s Accountable Health Community

S. Sarkar, D. O’Neill, L.S. Wen

While 96% of health care costs are spent on medical care delivered in hospitals, only 10% of what drives health outcomes is attributable to clinical care. This is markedly true in Baltimore, which is home to some of the best health care institutions in the country.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Mapping neighborhood health geomarkers to clinical care decisions to promote equity in child health

A.F. Beck, M.T. Sandel, P.H. Ryan, R.S. Kahn

Health disparities, which can be understood as disadvantages in health associated with one’s social, racial, economic, or physical environment, originate in childhood and persist across an individual’s life course. One’s neighborhood may drive or influence these disparities.

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary

Clinic-to-community models to address food insecurity

E. Barnidge, S. Stenmark, H. Seligman

Food insecurity (FI)—unreliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food—is a social and economic condition with direct and indirect consequences, including poor dietary intake, poor physical and mental health, hospitalizations, stress, reduced academic achievement, and...

Publication Year:

2017

Resource Type:

Commentary