Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 231 - 240 of 711

Measuring the effect of social determinants on patient outcomes: A systematic literature review

A.J. Knighton, B. Stephenson, L.A. Savitz
J Health Care Poor Underserved

Given the movement towards value-based purchasing in the United States, health care leaders need methods to characterize and address the complex effect that social determinants have on health care outcomes.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Chronic disease burden predicts food insecurity among older adults

J. Jih, I. Stijacic-Cenzer, H.K. Seligman, W.J. Boscardin, T.T. Nguyen, C.S. Ritchie
Public Health Nutr

Objective: Increased out-of-pocket health-care expenditures may exert budget pressure on low-income households that leads to food insecurity. The objective of the present study was to examine whether older adults with higher chronic disease burden are at increased risk of food insecurity.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

A key challenge for Medicare’s annual wellness visits: Spreading the benefits to underserved seniors

R. Tipirneni, K.M. Langa
Health Affairs Blog

There has been a growing gap in healthy aging between individuals with lower and higher socioeconomic status in the US.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Commentary

Community navigators reduce hospital utilization in super-utilizers

M.P. Thompson, P.S.B. Podila, C. Clay, J. Sharp, S. Bailey-DeLeeuw, A.J. Berkley, B.G. Baker, T.M. Waters
Am J Manag Care

Objectives: Super-utilizers place a significant burden on the healthcare system. Blending the roles of patient navigators and community health workers may address the clinical and social needs of these patients.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Food insecurity in older adults in an integrated health care system

J.F. Steiner, S.H. Stenmark, A.T. Sterrett, A.R. Paolino, M. Stiefel, W.S. Gozansky, C. Zeng
J Am Geriatr Soc

Objectives: To estimate food insecurity prevalence and develop a statistical prediction model for food insecurity.

Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Kaiser Permanente Colorado. Participants: Adult members who completed a pre-Medicare Annual Wellness Visit survey.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Unmet legal and social advocacy needs of children with sickle cell disease: Implications for health care payer costs

R.A. Sonik, S. Teasdale, S.L. Parish, M. Champigny, P.G. Sprinz
Children and Youth Services Review

Previous studies of advocacy needs faced by children and families have not differentiated needs that require attorney involvement (“legal advocacy needs”) from needs best addressed by social workers or lay advocates (“social advocacy needs”).

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

The value of community health workers in diabetes management in low-income populations: A qualitative study

J. Silverman, J. Krieger, G. Sayre, K. Nelson
J Community Health

To describe community health workers (CHWs) roles in a diabetes self-management intervention.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative

Addressing social determinants of health through medical-legal partnerships

M. Regenstein, J. Trott, A. Williamson, J. Theiss
Health Affairs

The US health care system needs effective tools to address complex social and environmental issues that perpetuate health inequities, such as food insecurity, education and employment barriers, and substandard housing conditions.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Case Study, Observational

Higher perceived clinic capacity to address patients' social needs associated with lower burnout in primary care providers

J.N. Olayiwola, R. Willard-Grace, K. Dube, D. Hessler, R. Shunk, K. Grumbach, L. Gottlieb
J Health Care Poor Underserved

Purpose. Primary care physicians (PCP) experience high rates of professional burnout. These symptoms may be magnified in underserved populations. This study explores relationships between clinic capacity to address patients' social needs (SN) and PCP burnout.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Successes, challenges, and considerations for integrating referral into food insecurity screening in pediatric settings

M. Knowles, S. Khan, D. Palakshappa, R. Cahill, E. Kruger, B.G. Poserina, B. Koch, M. Chilton
J Health Care Poor Underserved

Food insecurity, lack of access to enough food for an active and healthy life, is associated with poor child health. Three pediatric clinics implemented a two-question food insecurity screening of 7,284 families with children younger than five years.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative