Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 311 - 320 of 813

Material needs of emergency department patients: A systematic review

P.W. Malecha, J.H. Williams, N.M. Kunzler, L.R. Goldfrank, J. Harrison, H.J. Alter, K.M. Doran
Acad Emerg Med

Background: Interest in social determinants of health (SDOH) has expanded in recent years, driven by a recognition that such factors may influence health outcomes, services use, and health care costs. One subset of SDOH is material needs such as housing and food.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Financial incentives and vulnerable populations - will alternative payment models help or hurt?

K.E. Joynt Maddox
N Engl J Med

There is broad agreement that fee-for-service reimbursement does too little to encourage the provision of efficient, high-value care.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Commentary

Social prescribing in the U.S. and England: Emerging interventions to address patients' social needs

H.A.J. Alderwick, L.M. Gottlieb, C.M. Fichtenberg, N.E. Adler
Am J Prev Med

There is growing interest in the role of healthcare systems in addressing patients’ social needs. This is no surprise; evidence on the impact of social factors on population health is well established.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Commentary

Homelessness and emergency medicine: A review of the literature

B.A. Salhi, M.H. White, S.R. Pitts, D.W. Wright
Acad Emerg Med

Objectives: We aimed to synthesize the available evidence on the demographics, prevalence, clinical characteristics, and evidence-based management of homeless persons in the emergency department (ED). Where appropriate, we highlight knowledge gaps and suggest directions for future research.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Simple screening tools to identify limited health literacy in a low-income patient population

K.R. Ylitalo, M.R.U. Meyer, B.A. Lanning, C. During, R. Laschober, J.O. Griggs
Medicine

Adults with limited health literacy have difficulty managing chronic conditions, higher hospitalization rates, and more healthcare expenditures. Simple screening tools have been developed, but limited work has evaluated instruments among low-income populations.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Physicians’ broader vision for the Center For Medicare and Medicaid Innovation's future: Look upstream

W. Ray, T. Norbeck
Health Affairs Blog

Medical care, it turns out, doesn’t always lead to better health.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Commentary

Impact of a New York City supportive housing program on housing stability and preventable health care among homeless families

S. Lim, T.P. Singh, G. Hall, S. Walters, L.H. Gould
Health Serv Res

Objective: To assess the impact of a New York City supportive housing program on housing stability and preventable emergency department (ED) visits/hospitalizations among heads of homeless families with mental and physical health conditions or substance use disorders.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Measuring the effect of social determinants on patient outcomes: A systematic literature review

A.J. Knighton, B. Stephenson, L.A. Savitz
J Health Care Poor Underserved

Given the movement towards value-based purchasing in the United States, health care leaders need methods to characterize and address the complex effect that social determinants have on health care outcomes.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Chronic disease burden predicts food insecurity among older adults

J. Jih, I. Stijacic-Cenzer, H.K. Seligman, W.J. Boscardin, T.T. Nguyen, C.S. Ritchie
Public Health Nutr

Objective: Increased out-of-pocket health-care expenditures may exert budget pressure on low-income households that leads to food insecurity. The objective of the present study was to examine whether older adults with higher chronic disease burden are at increased risk of food insecurity.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

A key challenge for Medicare’s annual wellness visits: Spreading the benefits to underserved seniors

R. Tipirneni, K.M. Langa
Health Affairs Blog

There has been a growing gap in healthy aging between individuals with lower and higher socioeconomic status in the US.

Publication Year:

2018

Resource Type:

Commentary