Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 1 - 10 of 774

Interventions to decrease use in prehospital and emergency care settings among super-utilizers in the united states: A systematic review

S. Iovan, P.M. Lantz, K. Allan, M. Abir
Med Care Res Rev

Interest in high users of acute care continues to grow as health care organizations look to deliver cost-effective and high-quality care to patients.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Review

Food is medicine-the promise and challenges of integrating food and nutrition into health care

D. Mozaffarian, J. Mande, R. Micha
JAMA Intern Med

Diet-related diseases produce crushing health and economic burdens. The estimated US costs of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, obesity-related cancers, and other obesity-related conditions are approximately $1.72 trillion per year,1 or 9.3% of the gross domestic product.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Commentary

Making the case for hospitals to invest in housing

American Hospital Association

The American Hospital Association (AHA), in collaboration with NORC at the University of Chicago, is serving as the evaluation partner for a new initiative, Accelerating Investments for Healthy Communities (AIHC).

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Opportunities to advance complex care in rural and frontier areas

J. Lloyd
Center for Health Care Strategies

People with complex care needs who live in rural communities face many of the same challenges experienced by individuals in urban areas, such as lack of transportation and food insecurity. However, rural communities are not just scaled-down cities.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Necessary but not sufficient: Why health care alone cannot improve population health and reduce health inequities

S.H. Woolf
Ann Fam Med

The health of Americans is in decline, a crisis that has been building for some years. Since the 1980s, US life expectancy has risen at a slower pace than in other countries.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Commentary

Association of social and behavioral risk factors with earlier onset of adult hypertension and diabetes

M.S. Pantell, A.A. Prather, J.M. Downing, N.P. Gordon, N.E. Adler
JAMA Netw Open

Importance: The National Academy of Medicine has recommended incorporating information on social and behavioral factors associated with health, such as educational level and exercise, into electronic health records, but questions remain about the clinical value of doing so.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Association between receipt of a medically tailored meal program and health care use

S.A. Berkowitz, J. Terranova, L. Randall, K. Cranston, D.B. Waters, J. Hsu
JAMA Intern Med

Importance: Whether interventions to improve food access can reduce health care use is unknown.

Objective: To determine whether participation in a medically tailored meal intervention is associated with fewer subsequent hospitalizations.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Provider and staff feedback on screening for social and behavioral determinants of health for pediatric patients

E. Byhoff, A. Garg, M. Pellicer, Y. Diaz, G.H. Yoon, M.P. Charn, M.L. Drainoni
J Am Board Fam Med

Introduction: Screening and referral for Social and Behavioral Determinants of Health (SDOH) are increasingly recommended in clinical guidelines and consensus statements.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational, Qualitative

Medicaid investments to address social needs in Oregon and California

H. Alderwick, C.M. Hood-Ronick, L.M. Gottlieb
Health Affairs

Health care organizations across the US are developing new approaches to addressing patients' social needs. Medicaid programs are uniquely placed to support these activities, given their central role in supporting low-income Americans.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative

Clinician experiences and attitudes regarding screening for social determinants of health in a large integrated health system

A. Schickedanz, C. Hamity, A. Rogers, A.L. Sharp, A. Jackson
Med Care

Background: Clinical screening for basic social needs—such as food and housing insecurity—is becoming more common as health systems develop programs to address social determinants of health. Clinician attitudes toward such programs are largely unexplored.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational