Evidence & Resource Library Definitions

Each resource in the Evidence and Resource Library is categorized based on the following characteristics:

  • Resource Type: These filters identify the type of resource. The categories are mutually exclusive.
    • Peer Reviewed Research: Research articles published in peer-reviewed journals.
    • Issue Briefs & Reports: Reports, issue briefs, and other documents not published in peer-reviewed journals.
    • Commentaries & Blogs: Opinion pieces published in peer-reviewed journals or through other forums.
    • Tools & Toolkits: Tools and toolkits related to social interventions, including screening tools.
    • Webinars Slides & Recordings: Slides and recordings from webinars, podcasts, and other presentations.
  • Study Design: These filters identify the design of the study. This pertains mainly to research studies or reports. The categories are mutually exclusive.
    • Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT): Intervention studies in which participants are randomly allocated into intervention and comparison groups.
    • Pre-post with Comparison Group: Intervention studies in which intervention participants are compared to a comparison group, but assignment to the intervention and comparison group is not random.
    • Pre-post without Comparison Group: Intervention studies in which there is no comparison group
    • Review: Syntheses of existing research to summarize the current state of knowledge. Includes both peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed reviews.
    • Other Study Designs: Includes all other studies.
  • Social Determinants of Health: These filters identify the resources SDH focus, if there is one. The categories are not mutually exclusive.
    • Built Environment
    • Childcare
    • Criminal Justice
    • Economic Security
    • Education/Literacy
    • Employment
    • Food/Hunger
    • Health Care Access
    • Housing Quality
    • Housing Stability
    • Immigration
    • Legal Services
    • Public Benefits
    • Social Support/Social Isolation
    • Transportation
    • Utilities
    • Violence/Safety
    • Not Specified: This filter identifies resources that relate to SDH but do not specify any specific domain.
  • Population: These filters identify the resource’s population focus. The categories are not mutually exclusive.
    • Children and Youth
    • Complex Patients: Includes high risk, high utilizing, chronically ill patients with comorbidities.
    • Elderly
    • Health Care Professionals
    • Homeless
    • Immigrants
    • Medicaid-insured
    • Medicare insured
    • Pregnant/New Mothers
    • Veterans
  • Outcomes: These filters identify the types of outcomes or data included in the study. This pertains mainly to research studies or reports. The categories are not mutually exclusive.
    • Process: Measures of the process of implementing a social intervention, including uptake of screening among providers, number of patients screened, number of referrals, referral outcomes, use of social services, etc.
    • Social Needs/SDH: Outcomes related to social risks, social needs and social determinants of health (e.g., housing & food insecurity, education, economic stability).
    • Health & Health Behaviors: Includes both physical and mental health outcomes as well as behaviors known to impact health (e.g. smoking, physical activity).
    • Patient experience of care: Outcomes related to how patients experience health care and health care interventions (e.g. measures of patient satisfaction).
    • Provider experience of care: Outcomes related to health care professionals’ job experiences (e.g. measures of burnout and provider satisfaction).
    • Utilization: Health care utilization outcomes (e.g. ED visits, hospital readmissions, primary care visits).
    • Cost: Health care cost and return on investment outcomes.
  • Screening Resources: This identifies resources that include information on social risk screening, including screening tools and toolkits and studies of screening tools and practices.
    • Yes
    • No
  • SIREN Produced Resources: This identifies resources created by SIREN.
    • Siren webinars
    • Screening tools comparison table
    • Compendium of medical terminology codes for social risk factors
    • Siren issue briefs/reports