Evidence Library

This Evidence Library contains research articles, issue briefs, reports, and commentaries that either focus on or are relevant to evaluating health care-based interventions that address patients’ social and economic needs. We prioritize for inclusion resources that carefully describe and evaluate the social needs components of these interventions, and to a lesser extent those where the social components are mentioned but are not the primary focus of the work. The library currently includes only papers published since the year 2000. If you are aware of a resource you think should be added to our Evidence Library, please let us know.

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Displaying 1 - 10 of 847

Cooling the hot spots where child hospitalization rates are high: A neighborhood approach to population health

A.F. Beck, K.L. Anderson, K. Rich , S.C. Taylor, S.B. Iyer, U.R. Kotagal, R.S. Kahn
Health Aff

Improving population health requires a focus on neighborhoods with high rates of illness. We aimed to reduce hospital days for children from two high-morbidity, high-poverty neighborhoods in Cincinnati, Ohio, to narrow the gap between their neighborhoods and healthier ones.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design

Interventions addressing food insecurity in health care settings: a systematic review

E.H. De Marchis , J.M. Torres, T. Benesch , C. Fichtenberg , I.E. Allen, E.M. Whitaker, L.M. Gottlieb
Ann Fam Med

Purpose: Based on the recognition that food insecurity (FI) is associated with poor health across the life course, many US health systems are actively exploring ways to help patients access food resources.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Issue Brief/Report

Study Design:

Review

Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs supportive housing vouchers and veterans' homelessness, 2007-2017

W.N. Evans, S. Kroeger, C. Palmer, E. Pohl
Am J Public Health

To determine what role the 88 000 Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) vouchers for permanent supportive housing among US veterans distributed between 2008 and 2017 played in the significant fall in veterans' homelessness over the same time period.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Intimate partner violence screening programs in the Veterans Health Administration: Informing scale-up of successful practices

K.M. Iverson, O. Adjognon , A.R. Grillo, M.E. Dichter, C.A. Gutner, A.B. Hamilton, S.W. Stirman, M.R. Gerber
J Gen Intern Med

Objectives: Screening women for intimate partner violence (IPV) is increasingly expected in primary care, consistent with clinical prevention guidelines (e.g., United States Preventive Services Task Force).

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Qualitative

Screening for social determinants of health: The known and unknown

K.W. Davidson , T. McGinn
JAMA

In the age of precision medicine and genomics, screening for social determinants of health in a clinical setting is relatively simple. This screening may be as or more effective than genetic screening in improving patient health and aiding risk stratification.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Commentary

Study Design:

Review

Complete Eats: Summer meals offered by the emergency department for food insecurity

D. Cullen, A. Blauch, M. Mirth, J. Fein
Pediatrics

More than 21 million low-income children rely on free or reduced-price meals during the school year. The US Department of Agriculture Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) provides meals to children during the summer months, but these programs are underused.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Case Study

"Prevention Produce": Integrating medical student mentorship into a fruit and vegetable prescription program for at-risk patients

J.M. Forbes, C.R. Forbes, E. Lehman, D.R. George
Perm J

Introduction: Fruit and vegetable prescription (FVRx) programs provide increased access to produce to food-insecure, at-risk populations, yet many lack the educational and social components to support long-term disease prevention.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Other Experimental Design, Qualitative

Food insecurity screening in pediatric clinical settings: A caregivers' perspective

E. Barnidge, K. Krupsky, G. LaBarge, J. Arthur
Matern Child Health J

Objectives: Food insecurity (FI) has serious academic, social, and physical health consequences for children. A recent clinical recommendation suggests FI screening during child well visits.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational, Qualitative

Screening for social determinants of health in pediatric resident continuity clinic

M.A. Morgenlander, H. Tyrrell, L.C. Garfunkel, J.R. Serwint, M.J. Steiner, S. Schilling
Acad Pediatr

Objective: Describe current practices in systematic screening for social determinants of health (SDH) in pediatric resident clinics enrolled in the Continuity Research Network (CORNET).

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Journal Article

Study Design:

Observational

Will social determinants reshape pediatrics? Upstream clinical prevention efforts past, present, and future

A. Schickedanz, L. Gottlieb, P. Szilagyi
Acad Pediatr

In the early 1960s when Dr. William Kannel, Director of the Framingham Heart Study, first coined the term “risk factor”, most physicians considered it outlandish to screen patients for predictors of disease risk to guide their interventions.

Publication Year:

2019

Resource Type:

Commentary