A community health worker home visit program: Facilitators and barriers of program implementation
Home visit programs have long been used as a means of intervention specifically among vulnerable, at-risk populations including: chronically ill, impoverished, rural, or homebound individuals. Understanding barriers and facilitators to the implementation of home visit programs is essential to inform these efforts. Home visit programs led by community health workers (CHWs) are becoming more common and pose specific challenges. The Ohio Infant Mortality Reduction Initiative is a home visit program led by CHWs with the purpose of reducing infant mortality among high-risk populations. The intervention included health education, referrals to health services, and provision of supplies and social support to expectant mothers. This study examined qualitative interviews with program managers and administrators to describe facilitators and barriers associated with this home visit program from a managerial perspective. Findings highlight the importance of initial and ongoing CHW training, appropriate caseloads, effective communication, and adequate funding, which can inform future CHW programs.
Menser T, Swoboda C, Sieck C, Hefner J, Huerta T, McAlearney AS. A community health worker home visit program: Facilitators and barriers of program implementation. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2020;31(1):370–381. PMID: 32037337. DOI: 10.1353/hpu.2020.0028.