Going beyond clinical care to reduce health care spending: Findings from the J-CHIP community-based population health management program evaluation
Background: Addressing both clinical and nonclinical determinants of health is essential for improving population health outcomes. In 2012, the Johns Hopkins Community Health Partnership (J-CHiP) implemented innovative population health management programs across acute and community environments. The community-based program involved multidisciplinary teams [ie, physicians, care managers (CM), health behavior specialists (HBS), community health workers, neighborhood navigators] and collaboration with community-based organizations to address social determinants.
Objectives: To report the impact of a community-based program on cost and utilization from 2011 to 2016.
Design: Difference-in-difference estimates were calculated for an inclusive cohort of J-CHiP participants and matched nonparticipants. The analysis was replicated for participants with a CM and/or HBS to estimate the differential impact with more intensive program services.
Subjects: A total of 3268 high-risk Medicaid and Medicare beneficiaries (1634 total J-CHiP participants, 1365 with CM and 678 with HBS).
Outcome Measures: Paid costs and counts of emergency department visits, admissions, and readmissions per member per year.
Results: For Medicaid, costs were almost $1200 per member per year lower for participants as a whole, $2000 lower for those with an HBS, and $3000 lower for those with a CM; hospital admission and readmission rates were 9%-26% lower for those with a CM and/or HBS. For Medicare, costs were lower (-$476), but utilization was similar or higher than nonparticipants. None of the observed Medicaid or Medicare differences were statistically significant.
Conclusions: Although not statistically significant, the results indicate a promising innovation for Medicaid beneficiaries. For Medicare, the impact was negligible, indicating the need for further program modification.
Murphy SME, Hough DE, Sylvia ML, et al. Going beyond clinical care to reduce health care spending: Findings from the J-CHIP community-based population health management program evaluation. Med Care. 2018;56(7):603-609. PMID: 29781923. DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000934.