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Improving readiness to manage intimate partner violence in family medicine clinics by collaboration with a community organization

L. Martin-Engel, J. Allen, A. Alencar, S. Levin, V.O. Udezi, P. Pagels, R.L. Eary
PRiMER

Background and Objectives: Primary care clinicians are in a unique position to address intimate partner violence (IPV) in routine clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to improve clinician readiness to identify and manage IPV in four family medicine residency practice sites on the west side of Chicago by partnering with a local domestic violence organization. Methods: Practice sites included three federally qualified health centers and one hospital-based office. Eligible clinicians included resident and faculty physicians, nurse practitioners, and certified nurse midwives. We assessed readiness using the validated Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Survey (PREMIS). We used initial survey results (n=53, 73%) to develop a targeted clinician educational intervention by a community organization. We administered the PREMIS tool postintervention at 1 and 6 months, measuring perceived and actual knowledge, preparedness, and practice issues. We performed comparison statistics to assess aggregate change. Results: PREMIS response rates were n=53 (72%), n=32 (47%), and n=36 (49%), for preintervention, 1, and 6 months postintervention, respectively. Mean clinician preparedness score improved significantly at 1 and 6 months (P<.001, P<.009). Mean self-perceived knowledge score improved significantly at 1 month (P<.001) and trended toward improvement at 6 months (P=.07). Actual knowledge trended toward improvement at 1 month (P=.07) and after 6 months (P=.05). Mean practice issues scores did not improve significantly. Conclusions: Participation in a 45-minute targeted educational intervention improved clinician readiness to manage IPV. Collaborating with a community partner builds a relationship for further referrals and advocacy for patients.

Martin-Engel L, Allen J, Alencar A, Levin S, Udezi VO, Pagels P, Eary RL. Improving readiness to manage intimate partner violence in family medicine clinics by collaboration with a community organization. PRiMER. 2021 Jun 18;5:20. doi: 10.22454/PRiMER.2021.717020. PMID: 34286223; PMCID: PMC8284494.

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Publication year
Resource type
Peer Reviewed Research
Outcomes
Social Needs/ SDH
Population
Health Care Professionals
Screening research
Yes
Social Determinant of Health
Violence/Safety
Study design
Pre-post without Comparison Group