The role of community health needs assessments in medicalizing poverty
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), passed in 2010, is considered by many to be the most significant healthcare overhaul since the 1960s, but part of its promise - improvement of population health through requirements for non-profit hospitals to provide "community benefit" - has not been met. This paper examines the history of community benefit legislation, how community benefit dollars are allocated, and innovative practices by a few hospitals and communities that are addressing primarily non-medical factors that influence health such as social disadvantage, attitudes, beliefs, risk exposure, and social inequalities.
Caffrey A, Pointer C, Steward D, Vohra S. The role of community health needs assessments in medicalizing poverty. J Law Med Ethics. 2018;46(3):615-621. PMID: 30336107. DOI: 10.1177/1073110518804212.