Back to Evidence & Resource Library

Safety-Net Accountable Health Model partnership drives inpatient connection to outpatient social services, reducing readmissions in a population experiencing homelessness

H.M. Rhodes, H.L. Simon, H.G. Hume, D. Strief, A. Knutson, M.C. Webber, D.C. Robertshaw
Prof Case Manag

Purpose of Study: To evaluate whether screening for homelessness during hospitalization and deploying outpatient care managers (CMs) to the inpatient setting to rapidly connect patients to community social services reduce hospital readmissions. Primary Practice Setting: A large safety-net hospital in Minnesota. Methodology and Sample: A quality improvement pilot proactively engaged hospitalized adults experiencing homelessness and enrolled in the Hennepin Health Accountable Health Model (HH AHM). Patients were screened for homelessness using a novel housing indicator tool, and eligible patients were visited in the hospital by HH AHM community CMs. If patients chose to pursue offered services, they were added to the CM's caseload with whom they met while hospitalized. Outcomes were compared between those patients who engaged in community case management initiated in the hospital (intervention group) and those who declined services or were discharged prior to an inpatient CM visit (control group). Chi-square, Fisher's exact, independent-samples t test, and Mann–Whitney U tests were conducted, as appropriate. Results: Seventy-two patients were included in the intervention group and 61 patients were included in the control group. Both groups were primarily English-speaking, African/African American and Native American men in their early to mid-40s. In total, 5.6% and 18% of intervention and control patients were readmitted to the hospital within 30 days. Of note, claims data confirmed that no readmissions occurred at outside hospitals in the first 9 months of the program. Twelve (16.7%) intervention patients were housed over the course of the study period, 5 occurring in the first 6 weeks.

Rhodes HM, Simon HL, Hume HG, et al. Safety-Net Accountable Health Model partnership drives inpatient connection to outpatient social services, reducing readmissions in a population experiencing homelessness. Prof Case Manag. 2021 May-Jun 01;26(3):150-155. doi: 10.1097/NCM.0000000000000466. PMID: 33784723.

View the Resource
Publication year
Resource type
Peer Reviewed Research
Outcomes
Utilization
Social Needs/ SDH
Population
Homeless
Social Determinant of Health
Housing Stability
Study design
Pre-post with Comparison Group