Screening and intervention for psychosocial needs by U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists
J Womens Health (Larchmt)
Objectives: To determine the psychosocial needs screening and intervention practices of obstetrician-gynecologists (OBGYNs) and elucidate characteristics associated with screening and resource availability. Methods: We administered a cross-sectional paper and online survey to 6288 U.S. office-based OBGYNs from March 18 to September 1, 2020, inquiring about screening and intervention practices for intimate partner violence, depression, housing, and transportation. We analyzed associations between demographic/practice characteristics and screening/having resources for all four needs. Results: 1210 OBGYNs completed the survey. One hundred ninety-five OBGYNs (16%) reported their practices screened all patients for all four needs. Having resources to address all four needs (prevalence ratio [PR] = 4.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.04–6.34), working in health centers/clinics (PR = 2.22, 95% CI = 1.43–3.45), and seeing ≥50% Medicaid patients (PR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.02–2.58) were associated with screening for all four needs. One hundred sixty-eight OBGYNs (14%) reported their practices had resources onsite to address all four needs. Working in health centers/clinics (PR = 3.99, 95% CI = 2.56–6.22), large practices (PR = 3.37, 95% CI = 1.63–6.95), Medicaid expansion states (PR = 2.60, 95% CI = 1.45–4.65), and practices with >11% uninsured patients (PR 2.30, 95% CI = 1.31–4.04) were associated with having resources onsite for all four needs. Conclusion: Most OBGYN practices appeared underresourced to address psychosocial needs within clinical care. Innovative financial models or collaborative care models may help incentivize this work.
Weigel G, Frederiksen B, Ranji U, Salganicoff A. Screening and Intervention for Psychosocial Needs by U.S. Obstetrician-Gynecologists. Journal of Women’s Health. Published online January 6, 2022. doi:10.1089/jwh.2021.0236 PMID: 34995169.