Social and medical care integration practices among children's hospitals
OBJECTIVES: In response to evidence linking social risk factors and adverse health outcomes, new incentives have emerged for hospitals to screen for adverse social determinants of health (SDOH). However, little information is available about the current state of social risk-related care practices among children's hospitals. To address outstanding knowledge gaps, we sought to describe social risk-related care practices among a national sample of children's hospitals. METHODS: We analyzed responses to the 2020 American Hospital Association Annual Survey. Among children's hospitals, we calculated the prevalence of screening for social needs, strategies to address social risks/needs, partnerships with community-based organizations to address social risks/needs at the individual and community level, and rates of impact assessments of how social risk-related interventions affect outcomes. We also used χ2 tests to compare results by hospital characteristics. We weighted results to adjust for nonresponse. RESULTS: The sample included 82 children's hospitals. A total of 79.6% screened for and 96.0% had strategies to address at least 1 social risk factor, although rates varied by SDOH domain. Children's hospitals more commonly partnered with community-based organizations to address patient-level social risks than to participate in community-level initiatives. A total of 39.2% of hospitals assessed SDOH intervention effectiveness. Differences in social risk-related care practices commonly varied by hospital ownership and Medicaid population but not by region. CONCLUSIONS: We found wide variability in social risk-related care practices among children's hospitals based on the risk domain and hospital characteristics. Findings can be used to monitor whether social risk-related care practices change in the setting of new incentives.
Pantell MS, Holmgren AJ, Leary JC, et al. Social and medical care integration practices among children's hospitals. Hosp Pediatr. 2023;13(10):886-894. DOI:10.1542/hpeds.2023-007246. PMID: 37718963