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A two-generation, early childhood advanced primary care model

McCord M, Fierman A, Sisco S, Canfield C, Manjunath S, Cohen N, Havens J, Wilcox W, Tomopoulos S, Albert MS, Abraham T, Charney A, Acri M, Piwnica-Worms K

It is well recognized that early experiences produce long-term impacts on health outcomes, yet many children are at risk of not achieving their full potential because of health and service disparities related largely to poverty and racism. Although many pediatric primary care (PPC) models address these needs, most are isolated, add-on efforts that struggle to be scalable and sustainable. We describe 3-2-1 IMPACT (Integrated Model for Parents and Children Together), an initiative to transform the model of PPC delivered within New York City Health + Hospitals, the largest public hospital system in the United States, to address the full range of child and family needs in early childhood. Taking advantage of the frequent contact with PPC in the early years and linking to prenatal services, the model assesses family mental, social, and physical health needs and offers evidence-based parenting supports and integrated mental health services. Launching and sustaining the model in our large health system has required coalition building and sustained advocacy at the state, city, and health system levels. Long-term sustainability of the IMPACT model will depend on the implementation of early childhood-focused advanced payment models, on which we have made substantial progress with our major contracted Medicaid managed care plans. By integrating multiple interventions into PPC and prenatal care across a large public-healthcare system, we hope to synergize evidence-based and evidence-informed interventions that individually have relatively small effect sizes, but combined, could substantially improve child and maternal health outcomes and positively impact health disparities.

McCord M, Fierman A, Sisco S, et al. A two-generation, early childhood advanced primary care model. Pediatrics. 2024. Epub ahead of print. DOI:10.1542/peds.2023-062567. PMID: 38444349

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Publication year
Resource type
Peer Reviewed Research
Social Needs/ SDH
Children and Youth
Social Determinant of Health
Economic Security
Study design
Other Study Design